Martha’s Vineyard Fact Sheet
Travel & Tourism:

Martha’s Vineyard Chamber of Commerce
Beach Road, Post Office Box 1698
Vineyard Haven, MA 02568

Phone: 508-693-0085 or toll free 800-505-4815

Website: www.mvy.com
General e-mail inquiries: info@mvy.com

Location:

Martha’s Vineyard, which comprises Dukes County* (11 islands which also include Cuttyhunk and the other Elizabeth Islands, as well as the uninhabited island of Nomans Land within sight of Cape Cod), is a roughly triangular island—about 100 square miles and 9 by 20 miles —located in southeastern Massachusetts, seven miles off the south coast of Woods Hole (Falmouth), Cape Cod at 41° 24′ N latitude 70° 37′ W longitude. Martha’s Vineyard (often referred to simply as ‘the Vineyard’) comprises part of the Outer Lands, a term denoting the prominent terminal moraine archipelagic region off the southern coast of New England. This region of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York, comprises the peninsula of Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Block Island and Long Island, as well as surrounding islets[1]. The island is surrounded by Vineyard Sound to the northwest and Nantucket Sound to the northeast; the remainder of the island is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Martha’s Vineyard’s six sibling towns are (clockwise from the north): Vineyard Haven (aka Tisbury), Oak Bluffs, Edgartown (including the island of Chappaquiddick), Chilmark, Aquinnah and West Tisbury.

Area:

Martha’s Vineyard’s land mass is just under 100 square miles (87.48 square miles), making it the 58th largest island in the United States and third largest on the east coast of the United States. It is the largest true island of the eastern US not connected to mainland by a bridge or tunnel.

Climate:

Because Martha’s Vineyard lies offshore from New England’s land mass, its weather is unique to the region. Winters, it is kept more temperate by the warmer ocean; summers, it is cooled by the Atlantic. Rarely, during even the most sultry summer day, are there not cooling ocean breezes. Similarly, when the balance of New England is painted white by snow, a true snowfall is rare on the Vineyard.

  • July is the average warmest month;
  • The highest recorded temperature was 99°F in 1948;
  • On average, the coolest month is January;
  • The lowest recorded temperature was -9°F in 1961;
  • Most precipitation on average occurs in March.

Drive Distances:

to Woods Hole From:

Boston, MA.................................................................. 80 miles
Providence, RI ............................................................ 75 miles
Portsmouth, NH .......................................................... 135 miles
New Haven, CT............................................................ 175 miles
Hartford, CT................................................................. 160 miles
New York City.............................................................. 250 miles
Albany, NY................................................................... 212 miles
Philadelphia, PA.......................................................... 348 miles
Washington, DC.......................................................... 484 miles

Population:

As of the 2010 US Census, Dukes County* population is 16,535 residents.

The year-round population is approximately 15,974 (about 2,000 households, according to the US Census Bureau 2009 estimate) and Vineyard Haven, Edgartown and Oak Bluffs together are home to about three-quarters of the island’s year-round population[2].

Census 2000: Martha's Vineyard population





[1] Though the existence of this archipelago is widely acknowledged by geographers, it is rarely given a specific name; “Outer Lands" is an older term used by naturalists and adopted by author Dorothy Sterling for her natural history guide of the same name.
[2] These numbers are subject to change as a result of the 2010 national US census.